A tooth is a very complex organ with its own internal ecosystem of cells, plumbing/blood supply, and electrical services/nerves. It has the function of breaking down food that you put into your mouth so that you can extract all of the nutrients in a more efficient fashion
This makes vitamins and minerals more available for the digestive system to absorb. The mouth has its own blood supply and nerve supply. When the blood and nerve supply reaches the tooth, it delivers the nutrients it just helped break down to its own doorstep. There are living cells and internal architecture in which these cells move around and operate. The cells would not be able to get nutrients if it were not for the intersection of blood and nerve supply at the tooth root.
The tooth root is essentially the marketplace where nutrients are delivered to the cells within the tooth in order to keep it a healthy and functioning organ of the body. This is essentially how your tooth can persist in your mouth for a lifetime if taken care of correctly. It is also precisely the reason why a prosthetic tooth can never replace this vital bodily organ. If there is bacterial buildup in the mouth due to inadequate brushing and flossing, acidic byproducts produced by these bacteria can break down and chemically react with your tooth leading to tooth decay.
If your nerves are exposed, as a result, it is like a live wire has been tapped. This can cause excruciating pain. That is why it is important to call your dentist if you are having pain that is worse with hot or cold. This could be the result of an exposed nerve coming from your tooth root. And it may be time to get a root canal to treat this debilitating pain.
The tooth root is tiny, and sometimes needs to be accessed microscopically using a surgical microscope. That is why it is so important to choose a dentist who is experienced in doing root canals.
First, the dentist must identify the cause of your pain. A focused, limited exam can be done to inspect the area. Once it is determined that a root canal procedure is necessary, the dentist will give you numbing medication to ensure your comfort. After a local anesthetic has been administered, the dentist will remove any decayed enamel. He will then work to expose your tooth root which is where your nerves are located. Your nerves are the sensing component to your pain, and once removed, they will no longer be able to send pain signals to your brain. The dentist will locate the nerve and remove the infected tissue from your mouth. Your tooth can have 1-4 tooth roots with 1-4 nerves feeding each root. That means the dentist will need to remove all nerves associated with each root in order for the root canal to be successful in eliminating your pain.
After this is complete, we will place a cement filling in the tooth root. Finally, you will receive a crown on the tooth to protect it from further damage.
If you have further questions about root canal treatment, feel free to us.
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